The Top 10 Most Endangered Mammals in Africa: Conservation needs your help!!!

The Top 10 Most Endangered Mammals in Africa.

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Scientific Name: Addax nasomaculatus.

Threats to these animals include uncontrolled hunting and harassment, along with drought and the extension of pastoralism.

Population: Less than 300 animals surviving in the wild.
Status: Critically Endangered.
Countries found in: Chad, Mauritania, Niger.
 Ethiopian Wolf
Ethiopian Wolf
Scientific Name: Canis simensis.
Threats include- Loss of habitat mainly due to agriculture, disease epizootics and hybridization are also responsible for a declining population.

Population: 400-550 individuals.
Countries: Endemic to the Ethiopian highlands
Mountain Gorilla
Mountain Gorilla
Scientific name: Gorilla Beringei
The main threat is Habitat loss, but poaching, pet trade and illegal hunting (bushmeat) is also a large contributing factor that must be stopped.
Population: Is estimated around 680 mountain gorillas.
Pygmy Hippopotamus

Pygmy Hippopotamus

Scientific Name: Choeropsis liberiensis.

Threats: Deforestation for farming and logging + bushmeat hunting.
Population: Estimates tend to be out of date, the latest being 1993, being 2000-3000 pygmy hippos in the wild. Considering the population is still clearly believed to be on the decrease it is closer to 2000 if not less.
Found in: Endemic to West Africa; Sierra Leone, Guinea, Côte d’Ivoire, and Liberia.
African Wild Dog
African Wild Dog taken by Blue Lizard Adventures

Scientific Name: Lycaon pictus.

Threats: Diseases such as rabies alongside conflict with human activities. 
Population:  Between 3000-5500.

Found in: Native to Botswana; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Ethiopia; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; Senegal; SouthAfrica; Sudan; Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe.
Black Rhinoceros
Scientific Name: Diceros bicornis.
Threats: Mainly poaching for its horn and “medicinal” value (China). 
Population: In approximately 60 years the population of these magnificent creatures has declined by over 60% their population is currently estimated around.
Found in: Kenya; Namibia; South Africa; Tanzania; Zimbabwe.
Cheetah taken at the Wilderness Volunteer Project
Scientific Name: Acinonyx jubatus.
Threats: Loss of habitat, fragmentation and human conflict, mainly with farmers. 

Population: 10 000-15 000. Cheetahs are believed to have lost over 76% of their historic range on the continent.
Found in: Algeria; Angola; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Central African Republic; Chad; The Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ethiopia; Islamic Republic of Iran; Kenya; Mozambique; Namibia; Niger; Somalia; South Africa; Sudan; United Republic of Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe.
African Lion taken at our Wilderness Volunteer Programme

African Lion

Scientific Name: Panthera leo.

Threats: Conflict with farmers, as they are poisoned to protect local livestock, another cause is the depletion of prey. Trophy hunting and habitat loss are also responsible and need addressing.

Population: 50 years ago their population was 450 000, now it is estimated at around 20 000-23 000

Found in: Most of sub-Saharan Africa.

African Penguin taken in Cape Town by Blue Lizard Adventures

African Penguin

Scientific Name: Spheniscus demersus.
Threats: Commercial fisheries and oil spills. 
Population: 72 000 birds.
Found in: Angola; Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa.

African Elephant

Scientific Name: Loxodonta africana.
Threats: The biggest threat to Elephants is poaching for their ivory and meat. But a loss of habitat is also a contributor.
African Elephant taken in Tanzania by Blue Lizard Adventures

Population: 470 000-690 000.

Found in: Angola; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Congo; Côte d’Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Gabon; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Kenya; Liberia; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia; Niger; Nigeria; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Africa; Sudan; Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe.
These incredible animals always make it onto the “must see” list on everyone’s safari experience, however they are now making it onto the extremely endangered species list too! Humans interfering with their habitats combined with poaching and the high mortality rate of their young, make life hard for animals likes these. They have to struggle against the tough demands of their changing environment everyday. This is why conservation is so important today, why not join a team today and play your part in a conservation project?

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