The African elephant (Loxodonta africana) is the largest animal walking the Earth. Their herds wander through 37 countries in Africa.
There are two subspecies of African elephants—the Savanna (or bush) elephant and the Forest elephant. Savanna eles are larger and have lighter skin pigment.
The presence of African elephants helps to maintain suitable habitats for a number other species. According to WWF, in central African forests, up to 30 percent of tree species may require elephants to help with dispersal and germination. Elephants also have a significant impact on their habitat influencing vegetation cover and water systems.Currently, the African elephant is classified at Vulnerable by the IUCN.
African elephant populations have been reduced due to. In the 1980s, an estimated 100,000 elephants were killed each year and up to 80% of herds were lost in some regions.
Recently, there has been a growing demand for ivory which has led to a surge in poaching.Threats to these amazing beasts also come from, habitat fragmentation, isolation and destruction, illegal wildlife trade and human conflict.
For further information visit: http://worldwildlife.org/species/african-elephant
“The conservation gains made for African elephants, one of the most iconic African species, are being seriously jeopardised by poaching to fuel the demand for ivory.”
Matthew LewisAfrican Species Expert
In a tribute to these incredible animals we at Blue Lizard Adventures have put together 10 photographs taken from our volunteer projects and our eco tours, to showcase these creatures:
|Baby elephant bathing|
|Elephant herd gathering to protect their young, sniffing the air|
|Young bull elephant being very inquisitive|
|Elephants can be silent. They just creep up on you!|
|Bull elephant and wild dog stand off|
|Elephant breeding herd drinking in South Africa|
|Muddy nose dive!|
|Dust kicking in Tanzania|
|Elephant up close and personal|
|Got an itch|
If you fancy seeing the African Elephant in the wild join us on our eco tours or volunteer programmes: