Bucket list- things to see in Africa

Mt. Kilimanjaro (picture from http://www.eightup.co.uk)

 1. Mt. Kilimanjaro
19,340 ft tall, Mt. Kilimanjaro is known as the tallest mountain in Africa. Kili is also the tallest free-standing mountain in the world. It’s highest point, Uhuru peak is accessible to people of a moderate fitness level. Being able to say you’ve been to the top of Africa, with breathtaking scenery of giant glaciers is a pretty exciting thought. Kilimanjaro is also surrounded by many of Africa’s best wildlife parks, which is why it is definitely worth a visit! 


Victoria falls

2. Victoria falls This incredibly magnificent waterfall is found on the Zambezi river across the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe. The waterfalls have the reputation of the “largest curtain of falling water on earth” The spray from the waterfall can be seen from miles away. This is on the must see list as it’s not just an incredible sight to see but in the close vicinity there is a vibrant and diverse range of wildlife to see


3. Abu Simbel- Egypt

There are two temples at Abu Simbel which are know for being dazzling monuments. These two temples were carved from sandstone off a cliff near the River Nile thousands of years ago. These temples were dedicated to Egyptian Gods, interestingly in the 60s the temples were relocated to an artificial mountain because when the Aswan dam was being constructed the temples faced the possibility of becoming submerged. 

The Egyptian Pyramids


4. The Pyramids- Giza EgyptThe Pyramids are the iconic attraction most associated with Egypt, there are over 100 and most were created as tombs to preserve the mummified bodies of dead pharaohs. The Pharaoh’s bodies would receive offerings from local people long after their deaths. A few kilometers south of Cairo in Giza the tomb of Pharaoh Cheops is one of the most grand and largest of the Pyramids. This is home to the great Sphinx, the world’s oldest statues that is a half human, half lion.


5. Fish River Canyon- NamibiaSecond to the Grand Canton in America, the Fish river canyon in Namibia is one of the most impressive canyons in the world. It has a 160km ravine which at it’s widest point is 27km wide. A the bottom of the ravine is the fish river, which is accompanied by Wild Horses, Zebra and Kudu.


6. Valley of the Kings- EgyptThe Valley of the Kings is found on the west bank of the river Nile near Luxor and is made up of 63 tombs, these tombs were filled with Egyptian artifacts and antiques and is the worlds most well known archaeology site. upon the discover of Tutankhamun’s tomb the valley of Kings became famous in 1922.


7. Sossusvlei- Namib desert NamibiaThe Sossusvlei is a giant clay pan surrounded by huge sand dunes located in Namib Naukluft Park. The dunes reach heights of 300 metres making them the highest in the world. The Namib Naukluft Park is the largest conservation area in Africa and also the 4th largest in the world. When it does rain here the Sossusvlei fills up with water. And because the clay allows very slow infiltration the result is a turquoise lake.

Sossusvlei


8. Wildebeest migration in the Maasai Mara  The Wildebeest migration is one of the most spectacular natural events of the modern world. This event takes place in Kenya, in the Maasai Mara and over in the Serengeti in Tanzania, some say it’s the best wildlife spectacle out there. Hundreds of thousands of wildebeest and zebras migrate in search of greener, riper land as the season changes. The time of the event varies between years, the best time to catch it is between July and September, it’s something you don’t want to miss out on.


9. The Okavango delta- Botswana
The Okavango delta, covering over 17 000 square km, is the largest inland delta in the world. The delta was formed after Lake Makgadikgadi dried up thousands of years ago. The water from the river drains onto the Kalahari plains in Botswana. This forms an picturesque lagoon. As there are little agricultural and industrial sites near by the water is very pure. Many animals rely on this water for survival as there is little water elsewhere in the desert.


 10. Karnak Temple- EgyptKarnak is another on of the biggest and most impressive temple sites in Egypt, it’s made up of three main temple sites surrounded by other ruined temples.


11. The Virunga Mountains- Uganda/ RwandaThe Virunga Mountains are volcanic mountains that lie on the borders of Uganda and Rwanda. Inside these beautiful mountain forests live the last of the endangered mountain gorillas as well as chimpanzees and forest elephants. The highest mountain is Mt. Karisimbii, two other large mountains are Mt. Nyirangongo and Mt. Nyiragira, these later is still classed as an active volcano.


12. The Ngorongoro crater- TanzaniaThe Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest unflooded volcanic caldera, its roughly 19km across, and 600 metres deep around the outside of the crater and is home to a wide variety of different species. It was formed by the explosion of a volcano, which then collapsed into itself about 3 million years ago.

Panorama of the Ngorongoro crater 

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